Asylum without Physical Harm


The Board of Immigration Appeals in Matter of T-Z-, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007) held physical harm is not necessary. Threats or severe economic deprivation can rise to the level of persecution.

"(1) An abortion is forced by threats of harm when a reasonable person would objectively view the threats for refusing the abortion to be genuine, and the threatened harm, if carried out, would rise to the level of persecution.

(2) Nonphysical forms of harm, such as the deliberate imposition of severe economic disadvantage or the deprivation of liberty, food, housing, employment, or other essentials of life, may amount to persecution.

(3) When an Immigration Judge denies asylum solely in the exercise of discretion and then grants withholding of removal, 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(e) (2006) requires the Immigration Judge to reconsider the denial of asylum to take into account factors relevant to family unification."

Matter of T-Z-

Ricky Malik, Esq.